What is a Noun?
A noun is a word for a person, place, or thing. Often a noun is named for something we can touch (e.g. lion, cake, computer), but sometimes a noun is a name for something we cannot touch (e.g. bravery, mile, joy). It includes people (e.g. man, scientist), animals (e.g. dog, lizard), places (e.g. town, street), objects (e.g. vase, pencil), substances (e.g. copper, glass), qualities (e.g. heroism, sorrow), actions (e.g. swimming, dancing), and measures (e.g. inch, ounce).
*Noun can be categorized either as a Common Noun or a Proper Noun
A common noun is a word used for a class of person, place, or thing (e.g. person, city, dog). A proper noun is the given name of a person, place or thing, i.e. its own name (e.g. Michael, New York, Rover).
* A proper noun always starts with a capital letter.
Types of Noun: A noun is categorized either depending on its meaning or its structure.
1)Abstract Nouns: Abstract nouns are the things you cannot see or touch such as bravery, joy, determination.
2)Collective Nouns: Collective nouns are the words that denote groups such as team, pack. Collective nouns can be treated as singular or plural depending on the sense of your sentence.
- The team is scheduled to arrive at 4 o’clock.
- The team are wearing different novelty hats.
3)Compound Nouns: Compound nouns are nouns made up of more than one word such as court-martial, pickpocket, water bottle.
4)Concrete Nouns: Concrete nouns are things you can see or touch such as tree, hammer, cloud.
5)Non-countable Nouns: Non-countable nouns or mass nouns are things you cannot count such as food, music, water.
6)Gender-specific Nouns: Gender-specific nouns are nouns that define masculine & feminine genders such as king, vixen, actress.
7)Verbal Nouns: Verbal nouns are the nouns derived from verbs. They don’t have verb-like properties such as a good building, a fine drawing, an effective attack.
8)Gerunds: Gerunds are nouns that end with ing and represent actions. They have verb-like properties such as happily building a tower, quickly drawing the scene, suddenly attacking the enemy.